Updated: Apr 24
Elephantsconsume grasses, small plants, bushes, fruit, twigs, tree bark, and roots. Tree bark is a favoritefoodsource forelephants. It contains calcium and roughage, which aids digestion. Tusks are used to carve into the trunk and tear off strips of bark.
THE GESTATION PERIOD AND LIFE SPAN OF ELEPHANT
Elephants are mammals of the family Elephantidae and the largest existing land animals. Three species are currently recognised: the African bush elephant, the African forest elephant, and the Asian elephant. Elephantidae is the only surviving family of the order Proboscidea; extinct members include the mastodons. Lifespan: African elephant: 60 – 70 years, African forest elephant: 60 – 70 years , African forest elephant: 2,700 kg Gestation period: African elephant: 22 months Height: African elephant: 3.2 m,
THE SOCIAL ORGANIZATION OF ELEPHANT
Elephants are a matriarchal society; that is, one that is led by a head cow, who presides over her herd of females. Each herd is made up of mothers, daughters, sisters and aunts. They are guided by the oldest and largest female of the herd.